Abbreviation of central processing unit, and pronounced as separate letters. The CPU is the brains of the computer. Sometimes referred to simply as the processor or central processor, the CPU is where most calculations take place. In terms of computing power, the CPU is the most important element of a computer system.
On large machines, CPUs require one or more printed circuit boards. On personal computers and small workstations, the CPU is housed in a single chip called a microprocessor.
Two typical components of a CPU are:
· The arithmetic logic unit (ALU), which performs arithmetic and logical operations.
· The control unit, which extracts instructions from memory and decodes and executes them, calling on the ALU when necessary.